Pigmented Skin

Pigmented Skin

  • Human skin color is primarily due to the presence of Pigment Cells (melanin) in the skin. Skin color ranges from almost black to white with a pinkish tinge due to blood vessels underneath.
  • Pigmented skin can be oily, dry, normal or combination.
  • Pigmentation can be classified into epidermal (superficial), dermal (deep), and mixed.
  • Excessive skin pigmentation can be caused by UV exposure, hormones, skin trauma.
  • The mode of treatment used will be determined by the type of pigmentation, patient preference, and patient risk tolerance.
  • UV protection/sunscreen is paramount in the treatment of pigmentation.
  • Different treatments are used for different types of skin pigmentation and skin types, like lasers and lightening creams.
  • Tip – For cleansing use a mild cleanser containing lightening and brightening agents, do not use cleansers that are harsh on the skin as they tend to dry the facial skin.
  • Tip – Use moisturisers containing glycolic acid with topical Vitamin C & E, and niacinamide containing creams.
  • Tip – Skin lightening agents or cosmeceuticals containing kojic acid, licorice, hydroquinone can also be used but only under supervision of the physician.

Treatments